Ed Hoyt Campbell was born in Battle Creek, Iowa, on March 6, 1882. He completed his law degree at the University of Iowa in 1906 and was admitted to the bar that same year. Campbell's first elected office was as mayor of his hometown (1908-1911). He was then elected to the State house of representatives (1911-1913). When he returned from military service after WWI, Campbell was elected to the State senate, where he served as president pro tempore from 1924-1926. He was elected as a Republican to the Seventy-first and Seventy second Congresses of the United States. His bid for a third term proved unsuccessful and he returned to Battle Creek and the practice of law. It was there that Ed Hoyt Campbell died on April 26, 1969.