Edna Griffin papers
The Edna Griffin papers date from 1948 to 2004 and measure 2 linear inches. The papers contain very few personal items. The biographical information includes details about several awards Griffin received. Most of the articles in the newspaper clippings folder describe the celebrations marking the 50th anniversary of Griffin's successful effort to desegregate Katz Drug Store. The transcript and audiocassette of an interview with Phyllis Griffin, Edna Griffin's daughter, conducted by Noah Lawrence in 2004 is also included; Phyllis Griffin reflects on the values her mother imparted to her, the relationship between her parents, and her mother's early life experiences. Photocopies of the documents in Griffin's FBI file, declassified in 2006, offer many details about Griffin's work with the Progressive Party during the late 1940s and early 1950s.
- Griffin, Edna, 1909-2000 (Person)
Conditions Governing Access
The papers are open for research.
Conditions Governing Use
Copyright held by the donor has been transferred to the University of Iowa.
2.00 linear inches
Civil rights activist, later known as the Rosa Parks of Iowa.
Biographical / Historical
Civil rights activist Edna Griffin was born in 1909 in Kentucky and raised in New Hampshire. She graduated from Fisk University in Nashville, Tennessee, in 1933, and married Stanley Griffin, a medical doctor. The couple had three children, Phyllis, Linda, and Stanley. Griffin and her family moved to Des Moines in 1947, where she became involved in the Progressive Party, especially in its efforts to end discrimination against African Americans. On July 7, 1948, Edna Griffin became a leader in the long campaign to desegregate the lunch counter at the downtown Katz Drug Store. After Griffin, her daughter Phyllis, and two of her friends were refused service, Griffin organized pickets in front of the store. She later filed charges against the owner under the 1884 Iowa Civil Rights Act. The case drew a good deal of publicity, especially when the Iowa Supreme Court upheld the guilty verdict against owner Maurice Katz in 1949. Because of her actions, Griffin was later dubbed "the Rosa Parks of Iowa." Griffin continued to be an active participant in the Civil Rights movement during the 1950s and 1960s. She also served as co-chair of Shirley Chisholm's 1972 bid for the Democratic Party's nomination for president, and participated in protests against nuclear weapons at the SAC Air Force Base in Omaha, Nebraska. Griffin was inducted into the Iowa Women's Hall of Fame in 1985 and the Iowa African Americans' Hall of Fame in 1999. In 1998, Iowans commemorated the 50th anniversary of Griffin's successful challenge to racial discrimination at Katz Drug Store and recognized her important contribution to the early Civil Rights movement in Iowa and the nation. Griffin received several awards, and the Flynn Building, which once housed Katz Drug Store, was renamed the Edna Griffin Building. Griffin died in 2000.
Method of Acquisition
The papers were donated by Linda and Stanley Griffin (donor no. 649) in 1998, and Noah Lawrence (donor no. 953) in 2005 and subsequent years.
- 20th century
- African American women
- African American women -- Iowa
- Archives (groupings)
- Civil rights movements
- Civil rights workers
- Des Moines (Iowa)
- Griffin, Edna, 1909-2000
- Griffin, Phyllis
- Katz Drug Store (Des Moines, Iowa)
- Lawrence, Noah
- Oral histories
- Personal papers
- Political activists
- Political candidates
- Progressive Party (U.S. : 1948)
- Race discrimination
- Sound recordings
- United States. Federal Bureau of Investigation
- Women -- Political activity
- Women in public life
- Eugenia M. Hernandez, 2000; Janet Weaver, 2007.
- Language of description