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Smith Frederick Family Papers

Identifier: MsC0382

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Scope and Contents

The heart of the Smith-Frederick papers are the letters written by Clementine Smith to her husband, then absent in California. The letters were written at Eddyville and Oskaloosa, Iowa in 1850. (Sidney Smith left Oskaloosa for Council Bluffs around May 1, 1850.) In this correspondence, Clementine attempts to give her wandering husband a full account of family and local news occurring in his absence. While there is some personal material in the letters, there is a great deal more general interest including political affairs, activities of common friends, doings of the "California widows" (some of whom were having children in their husband's absence), commencement of a newspaper in town, area activities, and social events. Her letters reveal her anxious but resolved state of mind and reported to her husband news that others received from Iowans on the Plains or in California.

In addition to these letters, there is also one from Clementine to her mother with a postscript from Sidney Smith (September 14, 1855). An 1865 letter related to the service of Lt. Smith, Regimental Quartermaster, 18th Iowa. A draft written by Sidney Smith in 1882 concerns the service and wounding of a private from the regiment. And finally, a letter addressed to "Brother" from "Bachelor's Lodge," Augusta, Iowa, December 17, 1843, is probably from Smith's older brother Charles N. Smith. In it he tells of life in the Territory and immigration to it from Ohio.

Also included in the collection is a letterpress copybook written by Electra C. Frederick Owen, containing letters addressed to her "Dear Cousins" (Hannah and Benjamin Frederick) in Ohio. Written from Oskaloosa at various times between January 1850 and April 1859, the letters are principally philosophical and religious in nature, but also contain valuable information. Subjects include recollections of girlhood life in Ohio; impressions of the death of her brother LaFayette at Monterey, California, in 1848, while a soldier; her mother's death at Oskaloosa in 1857; the death of her brother William at Oskaloosa in 1858; her father's purchase of a nearby farm and his remarriage; and local affairs. This volume also contains genealogical records.


  • Creation: 1842-1903
  • Creation: Majority of material found within 1850-1859


Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

Copyright restrictions may apply; please consult Special Collections staff for further information.

Biographical / Historical

Clementine Margaret Frederick Smith was born near New Lisbon, Ohio, in 1828. She married Sidney Strong Smith near Eddyville, Iowa, on November 24, 1847. She was still living in Kansas in 1903, the last date for which any information is provided in this collection. Her husband, Sidney Strong Smith, was also born in Ohio. He moved to Iowa in the 1840s and lived in Oskaloosa. In 1850, he went with his brother to the gold-fields of California, but soon returned. He recruited Company K, 18th Iowa Volunteer Infantry, during the Civil War and apparently served as an officer of the company. In postwar years he moved to Columbus, Kansas, where he died. Electra C. Frederick Owen (1822 -- 1859?) was Clementine Smith's sister and also lived in Oskaloosa.


3.00 linear inches

0.25 Linear Feet

Language of Materials



Letters of a Mahaska County family.

Method of Acquisition

This collection was purchased by the University of Iowa Libraries in 1979.

Language of description
Script of description
Language of description note

Repository Details

Part of the University of Iowa Special Collections Repository

Special Collections Department
University of Iowa Libraries
Iowa City IA 52242 IaU
319-335-5900 (Fax)