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Grace R. Hebard Papers

Identifier: MsC0624

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Scope and Contents

The collection consists of four folders that largely contain photographs, letters, drawings, and manuscripts. This material served as actual or potential illustrations for Hebard's research on Sacajawea and the Lewis and Clark Expedition, which she conducted for her book Sacajawea: Guide of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, which was published in 1933. Folder 1 contains material that was not used as illustration. Folder 2 is the typed manuscript, including a bibliography and corrections. Folder 3 consists of copies while Folder 4 contains the respective originals. For the most part, these illustrations were used in the book.


  • Creation: 1823-1951; Undated


Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

Copyright restrictions may apply; please consult Special Collections staff for further information.

Biographical / Historical

Grace Hebard was born in Clinton, Iowa, on July 2, 1861. She took her B.S. at the University of Iowa in 1882 and her M.A. at the same institution in 1885. A paper in the collection states that she was the first woman to "be graduated from the Civil Engineering Dep(artment) of the University." She received her Ph.D. from Illinois Wesleyan in 1893. She subsequently spent over forty years at the University of Wyoming, much of this time as librarian and Head of the Department of Political Economy. She collected on the topic of Wyoming history, and on her death in 1936, she bequeathed her collection to the University of Wyoming at Laramie. She also wrote on the topic of Wyoming history. Her works include The Bozeman Trail, The Government of Wyoming, The Pathbreakers, Sacajawea, and Washakie.


0.50 Linear Feet

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Hebard was born in Iowa but spent most of her life in Wyoming, where she started the Hebard collection on western history at the University of Wyoming. She wrote several histories of Wyoming and the west. This collection contains many photographs for the book Sacajawea: Guide of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, including some images that were not used in the book. Iowa Author Manuscript.

Related Materials

Most of Hebard's letters are in the American Heritage Center at the University of Wyoming. Please refer to External Documents to access that information. There are letters between Levi Leonard and Miss Hebard in the Leonard collection. MsC0159 Anderson, Irving W. "Probing the Riddle of the Bird Woman." Montana, 23:4 (Autumn 1973, pp. 2 -- 17 Brown, Larry K. "In Old Wyoming: Grace Raymond Hebard." Wyoming Annals, 66:3 (Fall 1994), pp. 6 -- 7 Fleck, Richard F. and Robert A. Campbell. "A Selected Literary Bibliography of Wyoming." Annals of Wyoming, 45 (Spring 1974), pp. 75 -- 112. Includes five items by Hebard Wenzell, Janell M. "Dr. Grace Raymond Hebard as Western Historian." M.A. thesis, American Civilization, University of Wyoming, 1960

Claudia Pummer and Jacque Roethler, August 2004
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Repository Details

Part of the University of Iowa Special Collections Repository

Special Collections Department
University of Iowa Libraries
Iowa City IA 52242 IaU
319-335-5900 (Fax)