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Shambaugh Family Papers

Identifier: RG99.0152

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Scope and Contents

The papers of Benjamin Franklin Shambaugh and Bertha Maude Horack Shambaugh are divided into five series: I. Benjamin Franklin Shambaugh, II. Bertha Maude Horack Shambaugh, III. Subject Files, IV. Photographs, V. Realia and oversized. Diplomas and certificates are filed with similar Archives materials in a map case drawer.


  • Creation: 1880-1953


Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

Copyright restrictions may apply; please consult Special Collections staff for further information.

Biographical / Historical

Benjamin Franklin Shambaugh was born January 29, 1871, in Elvira, Iowa. He graduated from the Iowa City Academy June 13, 1888. At the State University of Iowa he earned his B.Ph. June 16, 1892, and his M.A. June 15 the following year. He took his Ph.D. in June 1895 at the University of Pennsylvania. He was educated in Germany 1895-1896, and was an instructor and professor at S.U.I. from 1896 to 1940. It was here in Iowa City that he met and married Bertha Maude Horak in 1897. From 1900 until 1940 Benjamin Shambaugh was professor and head of the Political Science Department at S.U.I. He was superintendent and editor at the State Historical Society of Iowa, Iowa City, from 1907 to 1940. He served as president of the Mississippi Valley Historical Association in 1910, and president of American Political Science Association in 1930. Benjamin Shambaugh died in Iowa City on April 7, 1940.

Bertha Maude Horack Shambaugh was born in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, in 1871. She graduated from Iowa City High School in 1889, and attended the State University of Iowa 1889-1896. Bertha taught natural science at Iowa City High School from 1892 to 1897, until her marriage to Benjamin Shambaugh. Bertha authored Amana: The Colony of True Inspiration, and Amana That Was and Amana That is, in 1908 and 1933 respectively. Bertha Shambaugh died in Iowa City, Iowa, in 1953.

Benjamin and Bertha had no children. The Shambaugh Family Papers contain a good deal of information on the Horak-Horack and Shambaugh families. While we have done no extended genealogical work, the following paragraphs may prove useful.

Bertha's father, Frank, came to the United States in 1854 with his parents and seven siblings. The family name was spelled "Horak"and Frank J. Horak used this spelling throughout his life. His family appears to have used "Horack" for the most part, and Mrs. Shambaugh's full name appears in both forms. Since the Library of Congress Authority Record uses "Horack", that form is used in this finding aid.

Bertha's father was a lawyer. Her mother's name was Katharine Mosnat Horak. Katharine's father was J.J. Mosnat. Bertha had two brothers, Frank E. Horack (a professor of Political Science at the University of Iowa) and H. Claude Horack (a professor of law). Frank married Elizabeth Collins and seems to have had one son, Frank E., Jr. H[ugo] Claude had two sons, Harold Maclachlan Horack and Benjamin Shambaugh Horack, whom the Shambaughs referred to as "Son". He also had a daughter, Katharine Horack Dixon (Mrs. Jack), who in turn bore daughters Eleanor and Anne.

Benjamin Franklin Shambaugh had a brother, George E. Shambaugh, a doctor in Chicago, and a sister, Mrs. Roger Mahon.


27.00 Linear Feet

Language of Materials



Benjamin Shambaugh (1871-1940) was a University of Iowa professor of political science and, for many years, superintendent of the State Historical Society of Iowa. He and his wife, Bertha (1870-1953), hosted many scholars' visits to the University.

Physical Access Requirements

The University of Iowa Libraries supports access to the materials, published and unpublished, in its collections. Nonetheless, access to some items may be restricted by their fragile condition or by contractual agreement with donors, and it may not be possible at all times to provide appropriate machinery for reading, viewing or accessing non-paper-based materials. Please read our Please read The University of Iowa Libraries' statement on Property Rights, usecoll Law, and Permissions to Use Unpublished Materials

Method of Acquisition

These papers were given to the University of Iowa Libraries upon the death of Mrs. Shambaugh. Guide posted to Internet: May 1998; revised 2006 and 2008.

Processing Information

A Fully Processed

Language of description
Script of description

Repository Details

Part of the University of Iowa Archives Repository

100 Main Library
University of Iowa Libraries
Iowa City IA 52242