Emma Harvat papers
Scope and Contents
The Emma J. Harvat papers date from 1921 to 2001 and measure 2.5 linear inches. They include photocopies of numerous newspaper articles about Harvat's mayoral term published in the 1920s in the Iowa City Press-Citizen, the San Francisco Examiner, Punch of London, The Evening Star of Shanghai, and her obituary published in the Iowa City Press-Citizen. The articles describe Harvat's business background, her political platform of ridding the city of bootlegging and gambling, and the decisions she made as mayor.
Additional newspaper articles and correspondence dating from 2000-2001 chronicle the efforts of a group of Iowa Citians to rename the city council chambers after Harvat, and declare August 25th Emma Harvat Day. The group was successful in 2001. The collection includes flyers, invitations, biographical information on Harvat, and announcements about the dedication as well as drafts of the script used in the ceremony. An interview with Carl Stach, the nephew of Harvat's business partner May Stach, reveals his early memories of Harvat. Photographs of Harvat, May Stach, and the home Harvat shared with Stach complete the collection.
- Harvat, Emma, 1870-1949 (Person)
Conditions Governing Access
The papers are open for research.
Conditions Governing Use
Copyright held by the donor has been retained by the donor.
However, copyright status for some collection materials may be unknown. Transmission or reproduction of materials protected by U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17, U.S.C.) beyond that allowed by fair use requires the written permission of the copyright owner. Works not in the public domain cannot be commercially exploited without permission of the copyright owners. Responsibility and potential liability based on copyright infringement for any use rests exclusively and solely with the user. Users must properly acknowledge the Iowa Women’s Archives, The University of Iowa Libraries, as the source of the material. For further information, visit https://www.lib.uiowa.edu/sc/services/rights/
Biographical / Historical
Emma J. Harvat, the first woman mayor of Iowa City, was born in 1870 to Mary and Joseph Harvat. She was educated at Iowa City High School and Williams Commercial College. After working for several years at her uncle's stores, Lee Brothers Book and Stationery, Harvat bought into the business and became a partner.
She later opened her own book store in Missouri, which she owned and operated for several years before selling it for a profit and returning to Iowa City. Upon her return in 1913, she opened the largest women's ready-wear clothing store in Iowa City with her business partner and friend, May Stach, and founded the Iowa City Professional and Business Women League.
In April 1921 Harvat ran on the Republican ticket for alderman-at-large and was elected. She served in that position until June 1922 when Iowa City's mayor resigned and the city council appointed her as standing mayor for the remainder of his term. Harvat thus became not only the first woman mayor of Iowa City, but also the first woman mayor of any city in the United States with a population over 10,000. Harvat was re-elected by the public to a second term. Her administration was known for running the city like a business and opposing bootleggers during prohibition. During her term as mayor, Harvat organized the first juvenile home in Iowa City and began paving Iowa City's streets. Harvat served as mayor until 1925. She died in 1949 at the age of 79.
2.00 linear inches
Language of Materials
First woman mayor of Iowa City, serving from 1922 to 1925.
Method of Acquisition
The papers (donor no. 235) were donated by Carl Stach, in 1994, (a nephew of Harvat's business partner, May Stach) and by Doris Malkmus (donor no. 731), 2001.
- Katherine Price, 1994; Nickol Himschoot, 2004; Sharon M. Lake, 2006.
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- Script of description
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